Situated in the Mandsaur district, this place gets its name from King Bhaman. It is 127 km from Mandsaur, and has a museam depicting the popular arts of Mandsaur. The museum is one of the landmarks of Bhanpura. The museum features art from the Gupta era (4th and 5th centuries) to the time of the Rajput clans of the Pratihars and Parmars (8th century). The well-sculpted portraits of Uma Maheshwar, Kartikeya, Vishnu, Gavoi and Nandi are are displayed. Illustrated oil paintings are also to be found around Bhanpura. Bhanpura is located at .[It has an average elevation of 384 metres (1259 feet).
Many of Dashoras claim that their ancestors have some have connection to this town. We do not know if some of the Dashora families originated from the area or migrated there and mixed with residents there. The old records / legends of some Upadhyaya Bhatt families indicates presence of Dashora ancestors in the 13th century in this area. Upadhyaya Bhatt families consider River Rewa River as as sacred river and believe that the location of their family shrine is near the Rambhatt Mahadev Temple in Bhanpura.
Some Notes about pre-historical Significance of Bhanpura
Area near Bhanpura has long history and has been subject of pre-historical reaseach. Daraki-Chattanâ a rock shelter within the Vindhyan mountains overviewing River Rewaâ” is situated near Bhanpura in district Mandsaur, Madhya Pradesh. Daraki-Chattan region has been used as a case for the study of early petroglyphs in India. Daraki-Chattan reveals the hoary past of the extensive rock art in this cave beyond doubt. Excavation at Daraki-Chattan was carried out by Dr Giriraj Kumar (Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra) with technical support from the Archaeological Survey of India (Bhopal Circle). The objective of excavation at Daraki-Chattan was to establish cultural stratigraphy at the site, collect evidences related to the production of cupules, obtain scientific dates concerning art objects and human artifacts, and establish geo-archaeological history of the region.
In January 2007, the Rock Arts Society of India (RASI) stated that the the "longest chain of rock arts in the world" was situated at a site 35 km from Bhanpura The earliest carvings in the chain are mostly of animals. The 12-km-long site, with most of its petroglyphs or pre-historic rock carvings intact, has been discovered in Mandsaur district of Malwa region, which is also home to Bhimbetka, the UNESCO world heritage site, 45 km south of Bhopal. What's exciting is most petroglyphs are intact. The site is situated inside dense forests, 35 km from Bhanpura town, about 350 km from Bhopal. Earliest carvings in the chain are mostly of animals like rhino, nilgai , bear, panther, elephant, monkey, turtle and crocodile. But there are also pictures of cow, bull, buffalo, pig and horse. Experts have called the discovery of the Bhanpura rock arts as "an important milestone in the history of anthropology". "The presence of a variety of rituals, processions and fighting scenes goes to prove the continuity of the art and early man's culmination into community living,"
The excavation at Daraki-Chattan revealed immense information on the cultural occupation of the site. The collection of stone artifact assemblage from the excavation undoubtedly reveals that the shelter was occupied by the Acheulian man. Interestingly enough, Bhanpura town, close to the Daraki-Chattan site, and its adjoining area have been continuously under occupation by man of different cultural periods since the Acheulian times. Daraki-Chattan is a local name of a hill near village Bhanpura in the Vindhyans that has a series of rock shelters. In geological past, the Vindhyans were formed as a single rock block but were subsequently subjected to erosion by wind and water which ultimately weathered them. The joints between the rocks widened over a period of time and then blocks or rocks became unstable and collapsed to give rise to rock shelters. These shelters not only provided suitable landform for the Early Man to protect himself from the vagaries of weather but also the shelters on hills which served as an overview to the dense forest below.
The study of the surroundings of Daraki-Chattan was carried out to investigate the climatic history of the area during the times when the Acheulian man occupied the site. Study of geological sediments that were deposited when the Acheulian man was exploring the valley adjoining the shelter. It was clear from the size (width and depth) and the large collection of artifacts from the excavation that the shelter was used by the Early Man as a temporary settlement for making tools and fulfilling other necessary activities. Dense forest existing around the shelter and along the valley of River Rewa must have supported a rich wealth of fauna and flora. Excavations in the sediments deposited by River Rewa revealed a succession of prehistoric cultural material remains beginning from the Early Palaeolithic to Upper Palaeolithic era, supporting the view that the valley and the surroundings were under regular occupation by the Early Man. Pressure of stone artifacts in the shelters in the river valley also corroborate the fact that the activity of Early Man was not confined to the particular shelter only. Rich faunal and floral wealth must have encouraged the Early Man to venture into the river valleys and forests. Thus the sediments brought down by the rivers must have covered and sealed the discarded or used stone artifacts of Early Man. A lot of information has been gathered on climate that existed during the period when the sediments were formed and deposited.
The indepth study of the sediments deposited by River Rewa unraveled the palaeoclimatic history of the region. The associated assemblage of stone artifacts suggests the relative age range of 1.8 million years before present to 400,000 years before present for the sediments. The generation of large slope deposits or fans substantiates the fact that the area must have faced sub-humid to semi-arid climatic conditions.
The Bhanpura-Gandhi Sagar region in the Chambal valley is one of the richest zones of the Palaeolithic rock art and archaeological sites in the world. The famous Palaeolithic cupule cave Daraki-Chattan with more than 500 cupules executed on its vertical walls is located in the Indragarh Hill near Bhanpura. The back of the hill presents a palaeo-channel of a mighty river of pre-Quaternary age. The cave is facing the valley of the river Rewa which has been a cradle of Palaeolithic man. Lower Palaeolithic-rich factory sites have been exposed on its banks and talus of the hill. Daraki-Chattan is a major site being excavated and scientifically investigated by an International Commission under the multidisciplinary EIP Project, a RASI-AURA joint venture under the aegis of IFRAO, supported by the ASI, ICHR and other organisations and scientific laboratories in India and Australia.
Bhanpura is located at.